Why hydrogen is the future
There exists hydrogen technology that enables zero emissions and makes the climate goals a reality, but we are dependent on someone making hydrogen available as an energy carrier to consumers for this to have an effect.
We require a change of pace if we are going to avoid greenhouse gas effects that have large environmental consequences. Switching from fossil fuels to alternative energy sources is happening, but not quickly enough. DNV GL’s Energy Transition Outlook report from 2021 concludes that despite having the necessary technology, we will not reach the climate goals of the Paris Agreement with our current action.
Just in Norway, land transport emits more than 2 million tonnes of CO2 equivalent every year. Hydrogen offers an alternative that could cut these emissions to almost zero. That is why we say that hydrogen is the future.
We need to act now to reach our climate goals
- Increase in global average temperature of less than 2°C compared to pre-industrial levels and strive to limit temperature increase to 1.5°C (Paris Agreement)
- Norway has a target for greenhouse gas emissions to be reduced by 50-55 per cent in 2030 compared to 1990 levels.
- The most important emission sources in Norway are oil and gas extraction, industry and transport. By making hydrogen available to industry and the transport sector, we actively contribute to achieving these goals.
Vessels with hydrogen fuel cells only emit clean water
In a hydrogen fuel cell, the hydrogen molecule (H2) reacts with oxygen (O) which is found naturally in the air to form water (H2O). In this reaction energy is given off which is converted to electricity that can in turn drive an electric motor.
Hydrogen can in this manner work like a battery, not a fuel in an internal combustion engine. The only emissions that occur in the reaction are clean water. We call that zero emissions!