Hydrogen is the future
Hydrogen technology exists to enable zero emissions and realize climate goals.
Why hydrogen is the future
We require a change of pace if we are going to avoid greenhouse gas effects that have large environmental consequences. Switching from fossil fuels to alternative energy sources is happening, but not quickly enough. DNV GL’s Energy Transition Outlook report from 2021 concludes that despite having the necessary technology, we will not reach the climate goals of the Paris Agreement with our current action.
Just in Norway, land transport emits more than 2 million tonnes of CO2 equivalent every year. Hydrogen offers an alternative that could cut these emissions to almost zero. That is why we say that hydrogen is the future.
We need to act now to reach our climate goals
- An increase in the average global temperature of less than 2°C compared with pre-industrial levels and aim to limit the temperature increase to 1.5°C (the Paris Agreement).
- Norway’s non-quota emissions, which are those not covered by the EU’s Emission Trading Scheme, should be reduced by at least 45 per cent in 2030 compared with 2005 (the Granavolden government platform of 2019).
Vessels with hydrogen fuel cells only emit clean water
In a hydrogen fuel cell, the hydrogen molecule (H2) reacts with oxygen (O) which is found naturally in the air to form water (H2O). In this reaction energy is given off which is converted to electricity that can in turn drive an electric motor.
Hydrogen can in this manner work like a battery, not a fuel in an internal combustion engine. The only emissions that occur in the reaction are clean water. We call that zero emissions!